Mathias Rust (* 1. Juni in Wedel) wurde als deutscher Privatpilot bekannt, als er am Mai mit einem Flugzeug vom Typ Cessna P auf der. Mai „Ein Sportflugzeug mit dem Piloten Mathias Rust aus der BRD hat am Donnerstag den Luftraum der Sowjetunion im Gebiet der Stadt. Sehen Sie sich das Profil von Mathias Rust im größten Business-Netzwerk der PMO Analyst (Maternity Leave) looking for opportunities from Summer
Auch Cottbus rätselte über den Kreml-Flieger Mathias RustSupermacht Sowjetunion blamiert: Der jährige Mathias Rust aus Wedel bei Hamburg landete am Mai mit seiner einmotorigen. Mathias Rust (* 1. Juni in Wedel) wurde als deutscher Privatpilot bekannt, als er am Mai mit einem Flugzeug vom Typ Cessna P auf der. Mai „Ein Sportflugzeug mit dem Piloten Mathias Rust aus der BRD hat am Donnerstag den Luftraum der Sowjetunion im Gebiet der Stadt.
Mathias Rust 2021 Navigacijski izbornik VideoWhy Mathias Rust landed on Red Square in 1987 RuSt - Jahrestagung für Recht und Steuern Der jährliche Treffpunkt für Österreichs Juristen und Steuerexperten. RuSt (/ Oktober)!! 46 EUR ,-. NEU: Young-Professional-Ticket für Nachwuchstalente (unter 35 Jahren) für die erstmalige Teilnahme an der RuSt. Mathias Rust landet in Moskau. | Uhr | von Thiele, Carsten 1 Min | Verfügbar bis Machen Sie mit NDR 1 Niedersachsen täglich. Sehen Sie sich das Profil von Mathias Rust im größten Business-Netzwerk der PMO Analyst (Maternity Leave) looking for opportunities from Summer
Hän lähti liikkeelle vuokratulla Cessna -pienkoneella Saksan liittotasavallasta Hampurin lähistöltä Uetersenista. Hän teki ensin lähes kaksiviikkoisen Pohjanmeren kiertomatkan ja lensi Islannin ja Norjan kautta Suomeen, jossa hän laskeutui Helsinki-Malmin lentoasemalle Ennen matkaa vuotiaalla Rustilla oli virallista lentokokemusta vain noin 50 tuntia.
Rust jatkoi matkaansa Helsingistä kolmen vuorokauden kuluttua Hän ilmoitti määränpääkseen Tukholman ja lensi ensin länteen Nummelaan asti.
Siellä hän kääntyi merelle ja suuntasi sitten kohti Moskovaa. Tampereen ilmavalvonta kadotti hänet tutkasta noin kello Rust saapui Neuvostoliiton ilmatilaan Viron SNT:n alueelle ja jatkoi lentoaan noin metrin korkeudessa.
Toinen hävittäjistä havaitsi Pian tämän jälkeen hävittäjät kadottivat Rustin tutkasta Staraja Russan kaupungin liepeillä. At he appeared on air defense radar and, after failure to reply to an IFF signal, was assigned combat number Three SAM divisions tracked him for some time, but failed to obtain permission to launch at him.
All air defenses were brought to readiness and two interceptors were sent to investigate. At near the city of Gdov one of the pilots observed a white sport plane similar to a Yakovlev Yak and asked for permission to engage, but was denied.
The fighters lost contact with Rust soon after this. While they were directed back to him he disappeared from radar near Staraya Russa.
The then-West German magazine Bunte speculated that he might have landed there for some time, citing that he changed his clothes somewhere during his flight, and that he took too much time to fly to Moscow considering his plane's speed and the weather conditions.
Air defense re-established contact with Rust's plane several times but confusion followed all of these events.
The PVO system had shortly before been divided into several districts, which simplified management but created additional overhead for tracking officers at the districts' borders.
The local air regiment near Pskov was on maneuvers and, due to inexperienced pilots' tendency to forget correct IFF designator settings, local control officers assigned all traffic in the area friendly status, including Rust.
Near Torzhok there was a similar situation, as increased air traffic was created by a rescue effort for an air crash the previous day. Rust, flying a slow propeller-driven aircraft, was confused with one of the helicopters taking part in the rescue.
He was spotted several more times and given false friendly recognition twice. Rust was considered as a domestic training plane defying regulations, and was issued least priority.
Rust appeared above Moscow's center. He had initially intended to land in the Kremlin , but changed his mind: he reasoned that landing inside, hidden by the Kremlin walls, would have allowed the KGB to simply arrest him and deny the incident.
Therefore, he changed his landing spot to Red Square. Meanwhile, at a radar station in Skrunda, now in the independent state of Latvia, Soviet military personnel were also tracking Rust.
As the unidentified aircraft neared the coastline at around p. Moscow time an hour ahead of Helsinki , three missile units were put on alert. As he crossed his first waypoint, the Sillamyae radio beacon near Kohtla-Jarve, on the coast of the now-independent state of Estonia, he climbed to 2, feet above sea level, a standard altitude for cross-country flight, which would keep him about 1, feet above the ground for the entire route.
He trimmed the airplane out and flew straight and level. He also put on his crash helmet. Now that it was well inland, army units in the area were put on high alert and two fighter-interceptors at nearby Tapa air base were scrambled to investigate.
Peering through a hole in the low clouds, one of the pilots reported seeing an airplane that looked similar to a Yak, a single-engine, high-wing Soviet sports airplane that from a distance looks very similar to a Cessna.
Not long after being seen by the Soviet fighter pilot, Rust descended in order to avoid some low clouds and icing.
For a brief period, his blip disappeared from Soviet radar screens. Once the weather cleared, Rust climbed back to 2, feet, and an image of the unidentified airplane appeared on the radar screen in a new sector, one whose commander ordered two more fighter-interceptors to investigate.
From below and to the left, a Soviet MiG fighter-interceptor pulled up beside him. Designed to fly at more than twice the speed of sound, the swing-wing fighter had to be put into full landing configuration—gear and flaps extended, wings swung outward—in order to slow it enough to fly alongside the Cessna.
Its nose rode high as it hovered at the edge of a stall. Only later did Rust realize that the Soviet fighter could only communicate over high-frequency military channels.
The MiG accelerated and peeled away, only to return and draw two long arcs around the Cessna at a distance of about a half-mile.
Finally, it disappeared. Since the KAL tragedy, strict orders were given that no hostile action be taken against civilian aircraft unless orders originated at the very highest levels of the Soviet military, and at that moment, Defense Minister Sergei Sokolov and other top military commanders were in East Berlin with Gorbachev for a meeting of Warsaw Pact states.
As a security procedure, Soviet radar has aircraft under its control regularly reset their transponder codes at prearranged times.
As the radar return for the Cessna popped up on a new set of radar screens, controllers once again took note of the unidentified aircraft.
Rust was now a little more than two and a half hours away from his destination. Rust flew on, leaving the Leningrad military district and entering that of Moscow.
In the handoff report, the Leningrad commander related to his Moscow counterpart that his controllers had been tracking a Soviet airplane flying without its transponder turned on.
But the report said nothing about tracking an unidentified airplane from the Gulf of Finland, nothing about fighter-interceptors intercepting a West German aircraft, and nothing about an unidentified aircraft on a steady course to Moscow.
As such, the report set off no alarms. For Rust, the flight was going flawlessly. He had no problem identifying the landmarks he had chosen as waypoints, and he was confident that his goal was within reach.
The rings of missile placements circled the city at distances of about 10, 25, and 45 nautical miles, but were not designed to fend off a single, slow-flying Cessna.
At just after 6 p. At about this time, Soviet investigators would later tell Rust, radar controllers realized something was terribly wrong, but it was too late for them to act.
As Rust made his way over the city, he removed his helmet and began to search for Red Square. Unlike many western cities, Moscow has no skyline of glittering office towers that Rust could see and head for.
Unsure where to go, Rust headed from building to building. Then he saw it: the distinctive turreted wall surrounding the Kremlin. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia.
Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article.
You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation.
A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Mathias Rust]]; see its history for attribution.
For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation. Wedel , [ citation needed ] Schleswig-Holstein , West Germany. Washington, D.
Retrieved 4 April BBC World Service. Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 14 March Retrieved 23 December Retrieved 25 November Nezavisimaya Gazeta.
Retrieved 6 May Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung in German. Hamburg : Norddeutscher Rundfunk. The New York Times.
Cold War History. Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 10 March Westdeutsche Zeitung in German. The Guardian.